What is the difference between a bitmap and a vector?

A bitmap (or raster) file is an image composed of pixels - examples of this type of file are jpeg, gif and tiff. When scaled up in size a bitmap file will decrease in quality. Most photos are bitmap images.

A vector file is built using mathmatical coordinates to generate the image. This means that it can be scaled up to any size without loss of quality, and easily edited using software such as Adobe Illustrator. Vector filetypes include ai and svg. They can also be saved as eps and pdf files.

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